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The EEC Discussed Issues of Social Welfare of Workers and Elimination of Barriers on the EAEU’s Common Labor Market

The EEC Discussed Issues of Social Welfare of Workers and Elimination of Barriers on the EAEU’s Common Labor Market

4/11/2018
 
Following the consultations at the fourth meeting of the Advisory Committee on social security, compliance with pension rights, medical care provision and professional activity of workers of the Member States it was managed to reconcile the opinions of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) on the draft Agreement on Pension Benefits of Workers of the EAEU Member States.

The event was held in Almaty (the Republic of Kazakhstan) under the chairmanship of Timur Zhaksylykov, Member of the Board – Minister in charge of Economy and Financial Policy of the Eurasian Economic Commission (the EEC).

The Agreement on Pension Benefits of Workers will ensure the implementation of one of the fundamental “freedoms” of the Eurasian Integration Association – the opportunity to work in any of the EAEU countries to obtain and realize the right to a pension to the full extent. Therefore, its early adoption is a focal area of the Commission and the Member States,” the EEC Minister emphasized.

The meeting of the Advisory Committee considered some mechanisms for the implementation of the draft Agreement as well. In particular, nowadays, the work on the draft Procedure for the application of the Agreement on Pension Benefits of Workers of the EAEU Member States is being continued.
Following the discussion of the draft procedure, it was decided to strengthen efforts in this direction taking into account the need to start its commencement from the date of entry into force of the Agreement on Pension Benefits of Workers of the Member States.

The meeting of the Advisory Committee discussed the recognition of education certificates issued by educational organizations (educational institutions, organizations in the sphere of education) of the Member States to nationals applying for employment in educational, legal, medical or pharmaceutical activities in another country of the Union, without passing the procedure for recognition of education certificates, as well as scientific and academic degrees, established by the legislation of the state of employment.

The attendees of the meeting noted that the exceptions in these areas provided for by the Treaty on the EAEU do not allow using the potential of workers – nationals of the Union countries to the full extent, reduce the attractiveness of these professions on the common labor market.

In order to simplify the procedure for confirmation of education certificates, issued in the Member States, during the employment of the Union nationals in these spheres, as well as to address the issues on recognition (equivalence) of scientific and academic degrees, it was decided to create working groups in each direction.

In addition, the meeting of the Advisory Committee considered the issues on provision of medical care within the framework of compulsory health insurance (CHI) to workers of the Union States and their family members in the Russian Federation, as well as provision of medical care to workers and their family members in those countries of the Union where the CHI system is not available, with due regard to the provision of equal guarantees to workers and their family members as to the nationals of the state of employment.

The Members of the Advisory Committee agreed to consider these issues at the expert level.

Another discussed issue was the elimination of restrictions for nationals of the Member States to be employed as part of the flight crew of a civil aircraft of the Union Member States.

It is important to remove all existing restrictions on ethnic grounds to protect the internal labor market. At the same time, compliance with all the requirements and standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is unconditional,” the EEC Minister Timur Zhaksylykov noted.

The Members of the Advisory Committee also considered the issue of non-application of restrictions imposed on professional athletes who are nationals of the EAEU Member States during their work in the state of employment.

The representatives of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic confirmed that at present there are no legal restrictions imposed on athletes-nationals of the EAEU countries.

The representative of the Russian Federation said that the legislation of the Russian Federation and industry-specific regulatory documents do not limit the right of professional athletes-nationals of the Member States to be employed in sport organizations in Russia.

Nevertheless, the Members of the Advisory Committee noted that the changes introduced in the Russian legislation create barriers in the Russian Federation to the employment of athletes from the Union Member States.

Following the discussions, it was decided to kindly request the Russian Party to inform the Commission about the measures taken to remove this barrier.

In conclusion, Timur Zhaksylykov proposed the Union countries to consider new promising areas of integration in the sphere of labor migration and social welfare of workers of the Member States, in particular to include the EAEU integration initiatives in the sphere of social security, vocational education and health, compliance with pension rights, medical care and professional activity of workers of the Member States in the digital agenda.

The meeting was attended by the Members of the Advisory Committee from the Union countries, representatives of the authorized authorities and experts of the Member States, the International Association of Pension and Social Funds and others.
 
For reference

The Advisory Committee for social security, compliance with pension rights, medical care provision and professional activity of workers of the Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union was established in accordance with the Decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission Board dated April 27, 2015 No. 36.

The structure of the Advisory Committee was approved by the Order of the Board of the Commission dated July 18, 2018 No. 86.

The Committee is an advisory authority of the EEC on the agreed policy in the sphere of social security, compliance with pension rights, medical care provision and professional activity of workers of the EAEU Member States. The purpose of this policy is to create equal conditions for the employment of workers of the EAEU Member States, prepare recommendations for the Commission on the application of measures aimed at increasing the effectiveness of the interaction of authorized authorities in this sphere.

In May 2017, the Decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission Board dated May 11, 2017 No. 47 “On the implementation by the Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union of the obligations within the framework of the internal market of the Eurasian Economic Union”, was made whereby the Board of the Commission notified the Member States of the need to implement paragraph 2 of Article 97 of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union dated May 29, 2014 in respect of employment of professional athletes- nationals of other Member States, in sport organizations (organizations of physical culture and sports) of the state of employment.