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EECEurasian Economic CommissionThe Eurasian Economic Union the Republic Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation
The Eurasian Economic Union the Republic Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation
  • EEC
    • Eurasian Economic Commission
      • The Eurasian Economic Union the Republic Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation
The Eurasian Economic Union
the Republic Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan,
the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation
182,7 million people
over 20 million sq. km.
14% of the world's firm land
The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin

"Our ambitious goal is to come to a Eurasian Union. We propose a model of a powerful supranational association capable of becoming one of the poles in the modern world.

Natural resources, capitals, strong human potential all added up will help the Eurasian Union be competitive in the industrial technological race, in the competition for investors, for creation of new jobs and advanced productions. And along with other key players and regional structures—ensure stability of the global development.

Only united will our countries be able to join the leaders of global growth and civilized progress, achieve success and prosperity."

Geography

• Territory: 17,098.2 thousand sq. km
• Population: 143.7 million people
• Capital: Moscow, 12.1 mln people

Economic Indicators

In 2014, the Gross Domestic Product made up US$1,880.6 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 102.4%.

In 2014, the volume of industrial production (total shipped products of own production) made up $US1,143.3 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 102.6%.

Oil production, including gas condensate in 2014 - 525 mln tons, per capita - 3,650 kg.

Natural gas production in 2014 — 639.2 bn cub. m, per capita — 4,444 cub. m.

In 2014, the volume of agricultural production made up $US111.3 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 106.5%.

The volume of foreign trade has grown from $US629 bn in 2010 to $US786.9 bn in 2014, including export—from $US398.7 to $US499.4 bn, import—from $US230.3 to $US287.5 bn.

Key Industries

Extraction of petroleum and natural gas, processing of gemstones and metals, aircraft manufacture, space-rocket production, nuclear industry, manufacture of weapons and military equipment, electric engineering, paper-pulp industry, automotive industry, transport, road and agricultural mechanical engineering, light and food industry.

More

Major rivers, length within the country, km: Lena River—4337, Yenisei River (and Angara River)—3,844, Ob River—3,676, Amur River—2,855

Major lakes, thousand sq. km: Caspian Sea—371, Lake Baikal—31.5, Lake Ladoga—17.7, Lake Onega—9.7

Highest altitude: Mount Elbrus — 5,642 m

Monthly mean temperature: January: from 0° С, -5° С (North Caucasus) to -40° С, -50° С (Eastern Sakha Republic Yakutia)); July: from + 1° С (Northern coast of Siberia) to + 24-25° С (Caspian Depression)
The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev

"For the first time in history, the Customs Union of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus brings our nations together on the basis of mutual respect, preservation of national identity and awareness of our common future's continuity.

A consistent transformation of the Customs Union into the Single Economic Space, and later on—into the Eurasian Economic Union will become a great impetus for our nations' prosperity. It will take our countries to leading positions in the world.

We are all witnessing the birth of a new unique Eurasian community of nations that has both extensive experience of the common past and an indivisible joint future."

Geography

• Territory: 2,724.9 thousand sq. km
• Population: 17.4 mln people
• Capital: Astana, 853.0 thousand people

Economic Indicators

In 2014, the Gross Domestic Product made up $US212.2 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 105.7%.

In 2014, the volume of industrial production made up $US103.2 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 101.8%.

Oil production, including gas condensate in 2014 - 80.8 mln tons, per capita - 4,676 kg.

Natural gas production in 2014 — 43.2 bn cub. m, per capita — 2,498 cub. m.

In 2014, the volume of agricultural production made up $US14.0 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 104.1%.

The volume of foreign trade increased from $US91.4 bn in 2010 to $US119.4 bn in 2014, including export - from $US60.3 bn to $US78.2 bn, import - from $US31.1 bn to $US41.2 bn.

Key Industries

Ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical industry, mechanical engineering, light and food industry, as well as petroleum refining and production of construction materials.

More

Major rivers, length within the country, km: Ertis (Irtysh) River—1,698, Esil (Ishim) River—1,400, Syr Darya—1,400, Jay?q (Ural) River—1,082

Major lakes, thousand sq. km: Caspian Sea—371, Aral Sea—41.0, Lake Balkhash—18.2

Highest altitude: Khan Tengri (Saryzhas Range)—6,995 m

Monthly mean temperature: January: from -1.4° С (in the South) to -24.6° С (in the North), July: from +18.1° С (in the North) to +30.6° С (in the South)
The President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko

"For Belarus, a deep productive integration with the closest neighbors has been, is and will always be a natural path of the development. Two referendums—with an absolute majority—gave the authorities a clear mandate for integration.

The best practices of integration within the Union State allow for their reasonable and confident application in a wider multilateral format. It is important for the Union State, Customs Union and Single Economic Space to enrich and complement one another.

Today we are coming to the implementation of the decisions conventionally called momentous. Our determination to enhance integration is not accidental. It's a manifest coming from life."

Geography

• Territory: 207.6 thousand sq. km
• Population: 9.5 mln people
• Capital: Minsk, 1.9 mln people

Economic Indicators

In 2014, the Gross Domestic Product made up $US75.9 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 102.4%.

Industrial output in 2014 - $US65.2 bn, the annual growth rate for 2011-2014 - 102.8%.

Agricultural output in 2014 - USD 12.8 bn, the annual growth rate for 2011-2014 - 102.9%.

The volume of foreign trade increased from $US60.2 bn in 2010 to $US77.2 bn in 2014, including export - from $US25.3 bn to $US36.4 bn, import - from $US34.9 bn to $US40.8 bn.

Key Industries

Metallurgy, mechanical engineering, metal working, chemical and petrochemical industries, light and food industries.

More

Major rivers, length within the country, km: Dnieper River—700, Berezina—561, Pripyat River—495, Sozh River—493, Neman River—436, Ptsich River—421

Major lakes, sq. km: Lake Naroch—79.6, Lake Osveya—52.8, Lake Chervonoye—40.8, Lake Lukomlskoye—37.7, Dryvyaty—36.1

Highest altitude: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara — 345 m. Monthly mean temperature: January: -4.8° С; July: +20.6° С
The President of the Republic of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan,

"I confirmed Armenia's desire to join the Customs Union and become part of the Eurasian Economic Union formation.

20 years ago Armenia built its military security system in the form of a Collective Security Treaty in partnership with Russia and a number of other CIS countries. Over the decades that have passed ever since, the system has proved its viability and efficiency.

Today our CSTO partners are forming a new platform for economic interaction. Being a part of one military security system, it is impossible and inefficient to get isolated from the respective geo-economic space. It is a rational decision, and it comes out of Armenia's national interests."

Geography

• Territory: 29.7 thousand sq. km
• Population: 3.0 mln people
• Capital: Yerevan, 1.1 mln people

Economic Indicators

In 2014, the Gross Domestic Product made up $US10.9 bn, the annual average growth rate for 2011-2014 amounted to 104.7%.

Agricultural output in 2014 - $US2.4 bn, the annual growth rate for 2011-2014 - 109.4%.

In 2013 the volume of agricultural production made up $11.8 billion, annual average growth rate for 2011-2013 being 102.9 percent.

Key Industries

Extraction and processing of construction raw materials, nonferrous industry, wine and cognac production. There are enterprises manufacturing metal-cutting machines, molding equipment, precision instruments, synthetic rubber, tires, plastics, chemical fibers, mineral fertilizers, electric motors, tools, microelectronics, jewelry, silk fabrics, knitted goods, legwears.

President of the Kyrgyz Republic

Almazbek Atambayev

«We know perfectly well how fragile the peace and conciliation could be, and that is why we consciously choose the way of integration, good-neighbourly relations and friendship. I am sure that together our countries will survive these challenging times more easily, if we are friends and help each other».

Geography

• Territory is 199.9 ths. sq km
• Population is 5.9 mln people
• The capital is Bishkek with 901 ths. people

Economic Indicators

Gross domestic product in 2014 amounted to USD 7.4 bn. Annual growth rate for 2011 - 2014 is 105.0 %.

Industrial output in 2014 – USD 3.1 bn. Annual growth rate for 2011 - 2014 is 104.5%.

Agricultural output in 2014 is USD 3,6 bn.

Volume of foreign trade (in current prices) increased from USD 4.9 bn in 2010 to USD 7.6 bn in 2014, including: exports - from USD 1.7 bn to USD 1.9 bn, imports - from USD 3.2 bn to USD 5.7 bn.

Main Industries

Agriculture, hydro power, non-ferrous metallurgy, metal mining, machinery and instrument engineering, light and food industries.

Additional Information

The largest rivers, length within the country, km: Chu - 1,300

The largest lakes, ths. sq km: Issyk Kul – 6

The highest mountain: Pobeda Peak – 7,439 m

Average monthly temperature:
January: from -2.2°С to -29.1°С
July: from +4.1°С to +26.8°С
Gas production
Total in CU and CES
Gas production
II place in the world.

18.4% of the global share.

Oil extraction
Total in CU and CES
Oil extraction
I place in the world.

14.6% of the global share.

Coal mining
Total in CU and CES
Coal mining
VI place in the world.

5.8% of the global share.

Electrical power generation
Total in CU and CES
Electrical power generation
IV place in the world.

5.1% of the global share.

Металлургическое производство
Total in CU and CES
Металлургическое производство
Iron
III place in the world.
4.5% of the global share.

Steel
V place in the world.
4.5% of the global share.

Machinery manufacturing
Machinery manufacturing
VI place in the world.

3.7% of the global share.

Production of mineral fertilizers
Total in CU and CES
Production of mineral fertilizers
II place in the world.

10.8% of the global share.

Agricultural production
Total in CU and CES
Agricultural production
Potato
III place in the world.
11% of the global share.

Wheat
III place in the world.
9% of the global share.

Meat
IV place in the world.
3.5% of the global share.

1605.9 thous. km
The total length of automobile roads
Total in CU and CES
The total length of automobile roads
V place in the world.

2.5% of the global share.

107 thous. km
The total length of railways
Total in CU and CES
The total length of railways
II place in the world.

7.8% of the global share.